A Cross Sectional study to estimate the Prevalence of under Weight in Children of Age 6 Months to 6 Years in Urban Slums Covered under ICDS Project of North Chennai.

Gayathri, K (2007) A Cross Sectional study to estimate the Prevalence of under Weight in Children of Age 6 Months to 6 Years in Urban Slums Covered under ICDS Project of North Chennai. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.


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INTRODUCTION : Survival, growth and development in the earliest years of life are fundamental For the future of every individual and for the future of the societies into which Those individuals are born. However, these crucial formative years remain a Time of peril and loss—disease and malnutrition not only claim the lives of Millions of children throughout the world, but they also damage their growth And development, diminish their quality of life in the present and compromise Their future. The global community has designated halving the prevalence of underweight Children by 2015 as a key indicator of progress towards the millennium Development goal (MDG) of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. It Appears that economic growth alone, though impressive, will not reduce Malnutrition sufficiently to meet the MDG nutrition target. If this is to be Achieved, difficult choices about how to scale up and reform existing nutrition Programmes or introduce new ones have to be made by the government of India and other agencies involved in nutrition in India. For already existing Programs like ICDS, Evaluation of their performances by measuring sensitive Indicators helps them to tailor their methods of functioning based on the Results. So this study is done in ICDS project areas. The relationships among health, physical growth, psychological development And parental caregiving have become clearer. There is an extensive scientific Basis for the effectiveness of interventions to promote growth and to promote Psychological development, even under poor socio-economic and Environmental conditions. It will be possible to promote growth and Development in the children of urban slums if we fill the lacunae in this Approach. Hence this study is done to estimate the prevalence of under nutrition in Children in the urban slums of North Chennai to know the magnitude, to find out The possible factors that could be associated with it and understand the Mothers’ health seeking behaviour for childhood illnesses. OBJECTIVES : 1. To estimate the prevalence of underweight in children of age 6 months to 6 Years in the urban slums of north chennai, covered under ICDS project area. 2. To identify the possible factors associated with under weight in the above Said group. 3. To determine the health seeking behavior of mothers for acute diarrheal Diseases and acute respiratory infections in these children. JUSTIFICATION : It is projected that more than half of the Indian population will live in urban areas by 2020 and nearly one third of this urban population will be of slum dwellers. The ongoing process of rapid urbanization has deleterious repercussions on health and nutrition especially for children. Malnutrition in young children has long-term negative effects on physical and cognitive development. Addressing nutritional problems of urban poor is therefore must for overall development of the country (NFHS-2, 1998-99). ICDS is doing a good job in preventing malnutrition and also in treating it. Though they claim to have almost eliminated grade 3 malnutrition, the prevalence of grade 1 & 2 malnutrition cannot be taken for granted. To prevent the children in these 2 categories from falling to grade 3, we need to consistently monitor their prevalence. The health of the children in urban slums is threatened as a result of living amid filthy conditions in flimsy, makeshift and overcrowded housing (Awasthi S, 2003). Since they are under served and unreached by the health personnel, vulnerability for worsening of malnutrition cannot be over looked. Even though there are many studies done on prevalence of under nutrition, factors associated with them, like time of weaning, episodes of diarrheal diseases, differ between areas and people. Knowing the reasons for under nutrition enables the planners to tailor the existing model to the needs of the community. In view of the above reasons, this study of prevalence of undernutrition was conducted in pre school children of urban slums in north chennai and health seeking behaviour of the mothers for childhood illnesses determined.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Weight ; Children of Age 6 Months To 6 Years ; Urban Slums ; ICDS Project ; North Chennai ; Cross Sectional Study
Subjects: MEDICAL > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2017 02:04
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2017 02:04
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/1119

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