An Analysis of Lymphadenopathy Cases with reference to Tuberculosis by Combined Results of Conventional and Molecular Methods: A Study in a Tertiary Care Pediatric Institute

Balamurugan, V (2019) An Analysis of Lymphadenopathy Cases with reference to Tuberculosis by Combined Results of Conventional and Molecular Methods: A Study in a Tertiary Care Pediatric Institute. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Extra pulmonary tuberuculosis is a common problem in pediatric population. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate children with lymphadenopathy by FNAC and to study cytomorphological patterns, detect AFB by Ziehl-Neelsen stain and Polymerase Chain Reaction for MTB to achieve early and rapid detection. MATERIALS & METHODS: This is a prospective study conducted in Department of Pathology, Institute of Child Health. FNAC samples are obtained from Children with lymphadenopathy from December 2017 to September 2018. Smears are stained by Hematoxylin & Eosin, Ziehl Neelsen method and sent for PCR -Xpert MTB/RIF for MTB analysis. The results are compared and correlated with clinicopathological factors. RESULTS: The cytological diagnosis were most frequently reactive lymphadenitis (69.5%) , followed by caseating granulomatous lymphadenitis, acute suppurative lymphadenitis (11% each), granulomatous lymphadenitis 7.3% AFB by Ziehl Neelsen method was positive in 22.2% in caseating granulomatous lymphadenitis group 22.2% and where as in granulomatous lymphadenitis group none were positive (0%). CBNAAT detected Mycobacterium tuberculosis in 77.8% of caseating granulomatous lymphadenitis and in 66.7% of granulomatous lymphadenitis. CONCLUSION: Employment of a molecular technique like CBNAAT in FNAC aspirate helps to obviate the need of excision biopsy for diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis especially when FNAC does not show caseous necrosis in a granulomatous lesion and AFB is not detected by Ziehl Neelsen method.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lymphnode tuberculosis, FNAC, Ziehl Neelsen Stain, Polymerase Chain Reaction.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Pathology
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2019 13:17
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2019 13:17
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/11179

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