Comparative Study of Toluidine Blue Special Stain and Immunohistochemistry in Hirschsprung Disease

Muthu Prabha, M S (2019) Comparative Study of Toluidine Blue Special Stain and Immunohistochemistry in Hirschsprung Disease. Masters thesis, Madras Medical College, Chennai.


Download (7MB) | Preview

Download (8kB) | Preview


INTRODUCTION: Hirschsprung disease, a congenital disorder with an incidence of 1/5000 live births and is common in male infants (85%). Histopathologically absence of ganglion cells is diagnostic of Hirschsprung disease, but presence of submucosal hypertrophic nerve fibers is an additional positive finding. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of toluidine blue special stain in diagnosing Hirschsprung disease when compared to immunohistochemistry–calretinin and S 100. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a two years study from August 2016 to July 2018 in a histopathologically proven Hirschsprung disease cases. In 95 biopsy proven cases of disease, 55 were analysed with immunohistochemistry- calretinin, S 100 and special stain Toluidine blue. RESULTS: On immunohistochemical evaluation with calretinin 3 out of 55 showed positivity which implies that there is presence of ganglion cells. Special stain toluidine blue showed positivity in 3 cases where ganglion cells were present in which calretinin was also positive. The results with calretinin and toluidine blue are comparable and the results are statistically significant (< 0.001). CONCLUSION: To conclude, histopathology alone will not help in confirming the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease as immature ganglion cells are difficult to identify in histopathology. Immunohistochemistry can be used when there is difficulty in identifying ganglion cells. Special stain toluidine blue can be used as an alternative to immunohistochemistry in places where Immunohistochemistry not available.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hirschsprung disease, Ganglion cells, Toluidine blue.
Subjects: MEDICAL > Pathology
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2019 11:23
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2019 11:23

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item