A Study on the Psychosocial Problems and Its Impact on the Individuals and their Families affected by HIV/AIDS

Sreeja, K K (2012) A Study on the Psychosocial Problems and Its Impact on the Individuals and their Families affected by HIV/AIDS. Doctoral thesis, College of Nursing, Madras Medical College, Chennai.

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Abstract

HIV and AIDS a disaster, which disrupts the families equilibrium by placing a dark and frightening cloud over their future. It is one of the most challenging public health problems of our country. According to the latest statistics of UNAIDS/WHO (2010), on the World epidemic of AIDS and HIV, the number of people living with HIV has risen from around 8 million in 1990 to 34 million today, and is still growing. Presently an estimation of 2.4 million people living with HIV in India. HIV/AIDS disease is not only a medical issue, but a psychosocial one as well. Infection and the subsequent progression of this disease present the client with a broad range of personal experiences to negotiate. Changes in the health of people with HIV disease progress and demand constant adaptation. Persons with HIV (PWHIV) have to develop new patterns of coping as the disease changes. At the same time, the person’s condition may trigger a variety of reactions from others such as family members, others, employers, co-workers and rehabilitation counselors and other helping professionals. Across the world, the global pandemic of HIV/AIDS has shown itself capable of triggering responses of compassion, solidarity and support, bringing out the best in people, their families and communities. But the disease is also associated with stigma, ostracism, repression and discrimination as HIV affected individuals have been rejected by their communities. In hospitals, clinics and home care settings, existing health care workers can provide basic psychosocial support. In resource constrained settings, there are often insufficient numbers of adequately trained health care personnel able to provide sophisticated psychological care. Identification of needs and the training of adequate personnel (e.g. social workers, counselors, psychologists, psychiatrists) will be an important step taken at the national level to ensure that psychosocial support becomes a viable part of the care of PLHA, their families and their caregivers. As reported by the individuals about their problems and even the problems faced by their family and also about the support from the friends and family by which they could have been able to cope up with the life and to some extent had a satisfied quality of life. This could have been possible due to the counselling provided to the individuals and families and along with the awareness programme by the NGO’s and Government.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychosocial Problems ; Individuals ; Families ; HIV/AIDS.
Subjects: NURSING > Psychiatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2017 14:35
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2018 03:35
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/106

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