A study to compare the effectiveness of cartoon video distraction technique versus music therapy in altering behavior response to pain among toddler receiving immunization at pediatric outpatient department, Institute of child health and hospital, for children, Egmore, Chennai

Ganesan, R (2015) A study to compare the effectiveness of cartoon video distraction technique versus music therapy in altering behavior response to pain among toddler receiving immunization at pediatric outpatient department, Institute of child health and hospital, for children, Egmore, Chennai. Masters thesis, College of Nursing, Madras Medical College, Chennai..

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Abstract

BACK GROUND: Immunization is painful and children show behavioral distress to pain while receiving immunization. A comparative study was conducted at the University of Georgia to isolate and compare children’s procedural anxiety and pain. Results suggested that anxiety and pain are highly correlated. Another study was conducted at the department of psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA to examine the nurse – directed distraction for reducing infant immunization distress. Results indicated that infants engaged in distraction and that distraction reduced their behavioral distress. These studies show that children experience behavioral distress to pain while receiving immunization. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: 1. To determine the behavioral responses to pain among toddlers’ who are given a Cartoon video (Group A) as distraction while receiving Immunization. 2. To determine the behavioral responses to pain among toddler’ who are given Music (Group B) as a distraction while receiving immunization. 3. To compare the behavioral responses to pain in Group A and Group B. 4. To associate the effectiveness of Group A with selected Demographic Variables. 5. To associate the effectiveness of Group B with selected Demographic Variables. METHODS: Quasi Experimental post test only control group design was utilized and data collected by purposive sampling technique. The tool used for the study consists of demographic data, MODIFIED BEHAVIOURAL ASSESSMENT SCALE and physiological parameters. The populations of this study were 60 children of both sexes in the age group of 1 – 3 years. Conceptual framework used for the study was ROY’S ADAPTATION THEORY. RESULTS: The findings of the study revealed that the comparison of pain score Considering Group A toddlers, they are having 13.37 pain score and in group B toddlers they are having 20.03 score. Difference is 6.67 pain score. The difference between Group A and Group B pain score is large and it is statistically significant. It was analyzed by using student independent t-test. And the pain reduction was evidenced by the behavioral modified assessment scale. The association between level of pain reduction score and toddlers’ demographic variables are 25 – 30 months of age, male children, previous experience and mother accompanying with children during immunization where more reduced pain during immunization than others. CONCLUSION: Cartoon video therapy is very effective than music therapy in reduction of pain during immunization in toddlers.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: cartoon video distraction technique, music therapy, altering behavior response, pain, toddler, immunization.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2019 03:40
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2019 12:06
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/10566

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