A Study on Mega Thimiram

Haja Mohideen, - (2007) A Study on Mega Thimiram. Masters thesis, Government Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai.


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For the present study, the disease ‘Mega thimiram’ is selected based on clinical features given by Nagamuni in his treaties ‘Nagamuni Nayana Vidhi-200’. Nagamuni has clearly explained about pathology of the disease and given the opt title mega thimiram, as it is a complication of mega diseases. The aetiology and pathogenesis of mega disease and as well as mega thimiram both were demonstrated in siddha literatures and it is very important because the aetiogeneis and correct diagnosis of a disease is an essential prerequisite for evolving correct treatment regimen. The prime aim of this dissertation is to arrive at a correct diagnosis of Mega thimiram through Envagai thervugal, Mukkutra verupadugal, Changes in Udal kattugal, Kaalam along with Modern diagnostic parameters. Apart from the major criteria, Age distribution, Dietary changes, Socio-economic changes, Occupational status, Thinai, Onset of disease etc., were also taken in to account in arriving at the diagnosis. ‘Mega thimiram’, one among the seven types of thimiram as mentioned earlier is a complication of mega noi, with the symptoms of diminution of seven physical constituents, gradual vascular constriction, gradual diminution of vision, moderate burning sensation of the eye. Humoural changes and hereditary changes are important pathogenic factors which cause changes in the seven physical constituents in bringing out the diseases. These changes in physical constituents are diagnosed through the eight fold physical examination (Envagai thervugal). Twenty patients were selected for this study and they were properly enrolled in the outpatient department. CONCLUSION: The identification of disease and its pathogenesis are a prerequisite to best medical practice and correct treatment regimen. A detailed history – taking, clinical examination, envagai thervugal as per our siddha guidelines is necessary to arrive at a precise diagnosis. The study on ‘Mega Thimiram’ concludes that it is a disease of complication of megam, which has a gross relevance to modern clinical entity Diabetic retinopathy. Clinical examination by modern methods helps much in diagnosing the disease. As early diagnosis of diabetes, diabetic retinopathy and proper treatment are essential prerequisite to save total blindness. The vitiation of Mukkutra verupadugal and seven physical constituents are major criteria in the pathogenesis of the disease. The opt diagnosis can be arrived by detailed history taking, clinical examination by modern methods, Envagai thervugal and assessing the changes of physical constituents and three humours.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mega Thimiram ; Retina : Diabetic retinopathy.
Subjects: AYUSH > Noi-naadal
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2019 00:50
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2019 07:59
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/10389

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