A Study on Akkaram

Patturayan, R (2007) A Study on Akkaram. Masters thesis, Government Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai.


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Health means a state of total physical mental & social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity Child survival strategies have to combat problems of malnutrition, poor maternal health, Female illiteracy and deficiency of food supplements. Children’s are future citizen over they form 2.3 billion world wide. They represent boundless potential for future as per the WHO. Akkaram is one of the disease affecting the children. For the purpose of study children affected by Akkaram patients in both sexes were selected in the age group of 3-7 years. The study revealed that of the 60% of the cases seemed to develop the disease during Munpani Kaalam and 15% of the cases seemed to develop the disease during Elavenil kaalam. 10% of the cases seemed to develop the disease Pinpani and Muthuvenil and 5% of the cases were in Koothir kaalam. 75% cases belonged to poor socio economic status. Regarding the etiology, 80% of cases were developed disease due to mal nutrition and remaining due to mal absorption. In the study of 20 cases majority had gradual onset of the disease. Majority of the cases had fissure in lips and tongue, Excess salivation, fever, headache, difficult in swallowing, loss of appetite and redness of the tongue. Regarding the Uyir thathukkal samanan, Kirukaran were affected in 100% of the cases, Udhanan and Devathathan were affected in 75% of the cases. In all the cases Analapitham and Sathaga pitham were affected. 100% of the cases pothagam was affected and keleathagam was affected in 75% of the cases. In Udal Kattugal saaram and senneer was affected. Ennvagi thaervugal, Naa, Niram, Naadi are affected in 100% of the cases naadi has found in pitha kapham. Neikuri indicated pithaneer in all cases. All the cases show normal TC, DC, Hb. But peripheral smear shows normo cytic and normo chromic anemia (decreased Reticulocyte). Regarding the treatment, all the cases were treated with Athemathura nei internally for an average of 5-7days The observation made during the study showed that the trial medicine was clinically effective and control the disease. The potency of the drug was studied by pharmacological and Biochemical analysis. It showed that the drug has good demulcent, cooling and Tonic action. Majority of the patients showed a good response and not showed developed any adverse effect during the course of treatment. CONCLUSION: In this study, result was found to be good in 70% of the cases. No adverse effect were noticed during the treatment, further follow up of these patients showed good recovery and fine improvement The preparation of the medicine is very simple as well as effective and economical and the drug expiry is six months. So the drug can be used in children the disease of Akkaram. The trial medicine has been good demulcent, cooling, and Tonic action. Avoiding the malnutrition and malabsorption factors causing the disease and prompt management prevents the children from the disease as well as form its complications. So it is concluded that for the disease Akkaram, the treatment with Athemathura nei is good, in the view of its efficacy and also safety.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Akkaram ; oral cavity ; Athemathura nei.
Subjects: AYUSH > Kuzhanthai Maruthuvam
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 02:54
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2019 02:54
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/10378

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