Effectiveness of isometric exercise on pain among patients with osteoarthritis at selected hospitals, Salem

Geena, George (2014) Effectiveness of isometric exercise on pain among patients with osteoarthritis at selected hospitals, Salem. Masters thesis, Sri Gokulam College of Nursing, Salem.

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Abstract

An experimental study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of isometric exercise on pain among patients with osteoarthritis at selected hospitals, Salem. Quasi experimental pre test post test design was used for this study. The 60 samples were selected through Non Probability Convenience Sampling Technique. Among them 30 patients from London Ortho hospital were selected for experimental group and 30 patients from Sri Gokulam Hospital were selected for control group. The Pre test score of pain were assessed by using numerical pain intensity scale in experimental and control group. The investigator demonstrated isometric exercises for experimental group and instructed to practice it for 21 days. No intervention was given to control group. The Post test was done on the 22nd day by using the same scale. The findings revealed that 16(53%) patients were in between the age group of 50 to 60 yrs in experimental group and 13(43%) patients were in between the age group of 61 to 70yrs in control group. In experimental group 17 (57%) patients were females and in control group 19(63%) patients were females. During pretest 16(53.3%) patients had severe pain in experimental group and in control group 18(60%) patients had severe pain. During post test 21(70%) patients in experimental group had mild pain and in control group 14(46.7%) patients had moderate pain. In experimental group the pre and post test mean score was 2.63±0.58 and 1.3±0.46 respectively. In control group the pre and post test mean score was 2.8±0.83 and 2.7�} 0.69 respectively. The calculated ‘t’ value is 9.04 which is greater than table value 2.01 and it was significant at p≤0.05 level. Hence the hypothesis (H1) is retained. Thus it becomes evident that isometric exercise was effective in reducing pain among patients with osteoarthritis. The chi square value of occupation was 15.77 which were greater than table value 12.59 and it was significant at P≤0.05 level. Hence the research hypothesis H2 was retained only for occupation in control group. The study concluded that isometric exercise was effective in reducing pain among patients with osteoarthritis

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: (Reg. No: 301211602)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness ; isometric exercise ; pain ; patients ; osteoarthritis ; selected hospitals ; Salem.
Subjects: NURSING > Medical Surgical Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2018 16:25
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2018 16:25
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/10139

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