Effectiveness of cartoon on painful procedures among preschool children in a selected hospital, at Kanyakumari District

Sajina, - (2017) Effectiveness of cartoon on painful procedures among preschool children in a selected hospital, at Kanyakumari District. Masters thesis, Sree Mookambika College of Nursing, Kulasekharam.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Children are major consumers of health care. Pain in children with acute and chronic diseases is a major public health problem that has been increasing over the last 20 years. Medical procedures, particularly needles, are among the most feared experiences of children. According to the Center for Disease Control, their immunization schedule recommends that young children ages birth to six years should receive as many as 31 vaccinations to prevent 11 diseases before entering kindergarten. Distraction out of other non-pharmacological interventions is the most commonly used method for procedural pain and distress. Effective distracters should have the capacity for refocusing the child’s attention from the unpleasant details of the medical procedure to an enjoyable, engaging task. Of the distraction methods used during Preschool age, audio-visual distraction is the most effective. Audio-visual distraction like cartoon distraction is a simple, labor saving and easy to administer therapy that relieves pain and distress in children during painful procedures as equally and effectively as common psychological interventions. Cartoon distraction help nurses to solve the problem of lack of attention to pain relief, while saving nurses time and make it possible for them to pay more attention to their jobs. OBJECTIVE: The overall objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of cartoon on painful procedures among preschool children by comparing the post test levels of pain scores. METHODOLOGY: The design used in this study was post test only control group design. The investigator selected 40 samples by using convenient sampling method. The investigator used Demographic variables and Wong- Baker Faces pain rating scale. A pilot study was conducted with 6 samples. Pilot study findings revealed that the study was feasible and the tool was appropriate for the study. The main study was conducted on 40 samples. The collected data is planned to be analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: The study revealed that there was a significantly high reduction in level of pain among experimental group with mean pain score was 5.45 1.7 (SD) where as mean pain score among control group was 7.91.4 (SD) with mean difference of 2.45. The ‘t’ value for assessing the effectiveness of cartoon is 4.814, which is significance at the level of P<0.05. In this study there is an association was found between the level of pain and selected demographic variable such as mother‘s occupation and no association with age, sex, orders of birth, type of family, body built of subject, educational status of mother, child accompanies with, previous experience of pain and type of admission. CONCLUSION: Cartoon found to be an effective nursing intervention in reducing the level of pain among preschool children with invasive procedure.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness ; cartoon ; painful procedures ; preschool children ; selected hospital ; Kanyakumari District.
Subjects: NURSING > Paediatric Nursing
Depositing User: Subramani R
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2018 19:07
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2018 19:07
URI: http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/id/eprint/10069

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